Lifestyle

Finding a personalized approach to treating chronic rejection after lung transplantation

Two new papers examine the processes of lung scarring and chronic rejection of the organ after transplantation, and potential therapies to stop the graft, or transplanted organ and its tissue, from failing. “Chronic graft failure due to progressive scarring is the number one worry of all transplant physicians with very few means available to stop […]

Lifestyle

Researchers discover protein function that could improve chemotherapy in the future

Chemotherapy attacks all cells in our body and not just cancer cells, which is why patients undergoing the treatment often experience side effects such as physical weakness, hair loss and nausea. However, because cancer cells divide and spread faster than most normal cells, cancer cells are more sensitive to chemotherapy, which kills cells by inhibiting […]

Lifestyle

Research suggests new mechanism to balance emotional behavior

Research led by Si-Qiong June Liu, MD, Ph.D., Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, discovered a surprising reciprocal interaction between chemicals in the brain resulting in accelerated loss of molecules that regulate brain cell communication. The research team’s findings are published online in Nature Communications, available here. […]

Lifestyle

Sleeve gastrectomy yields larger long-term weight loss than RYGB

Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) results in greater weight loss than laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) seven years after surgery, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Surgery. Sofia Grönroos, M.D., from Turku University Hospital in Finland, and colleagues compared weight loss at seven years in 240 patients (69.6 percent women) with morbid […]

Lifestyle

Socioeconomic status tied to inflammatory bowel disease outcomes

Lower socioeconomic status (LSS) is associated with worse outcomes for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published in the December issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Charles N. Bernstein, M.D., from the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, and colleagues used the Manitoba Health administrative database to identify 9,298 individuals with IBD […]

Lifestyle

New recipe for antibiotic could prevent deafness

A new method of purifying gentamicin, a widely used antibiotic, reduces the risk that it will cause deafness, according to a Stanford Medicine-led study. Gentamicin is used in U.S. hospitals to treat a variety of bacterial infections, including infections in newborns and in other susceptible patients, such as those with cystic fibrosis. It’s a popular […]

Lifestyle

Neuroendovascular procedures linked to patient back pain

Multiple studies have evaluated the incidence of back pain among patients who undergo catheter-based heart procedures while conscious. But the impact of back pain on patients who undergo similar procedures for the brain has not been previously examined. These minimally invasive brain procedures are also typically performed while the patient is awake and require an […]